Russia (, Rossija; pronounced ), alsoFrom Article 1 of Constitution of Russia: "The names "Russian Federation" and "Russia" shall be equivalent." the Russian Federation (, Rossijskaja Federacija; pronounced , ), is a country that stretches over a vast expanse of Europe and Asia. With an area of 17,075,200 square kilometres, it is the largest country in the world by land mass, covering almost twice the territory of the next-largest country, Canada. It ranks as the world's eighth largest population. Russia shares land borders with the following countries (counter-clockwise from NW to SE): Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It is also close to the United States, Canada, Turkmenistan, Iran, Turkey, Sweden, and Japan across stretches of water.
Formerly the dominant republic of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), Russia is now an independent country and an influential member of the Commonwealth of Independent States, since the Union's dissolution in December 1991. During the Soviet era, Russia was officially called the Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic (RSFSR). Russia is considered the Soviet Union's successor state in diplomatic matters.
Most of the area, population, and industrial production of the Soviet Union, then one of the world's two superpowers, lay in Russia. After the breakup of the USSR, Russia's global role was greatly diminished compared to that of the former Soviet Union. In October 2005, the federal statistics agency reported that Russia's population has shrunk by more than half a million people dipping to 143 million, although Russia remains the second country in the world by the number of immigrants from abroad.More on [ Russia ]
AIDS History in Russia - Discusses AIDS cases, education, and prevention programs during the Soviet and post-Soviet periods.
Anatoliy Sergeevich Kulikov - U.S. Army's biography of the former former head of Internal Forces of the USSR and Russia's chief of police after the fall of communism.
Civil War in Moscow - A short history of the events in Moscow in October 1993. Includes links to photographs.
Economic Reform in Former Communist Systems - A study of the problems of privatizing state enterprises in Russia and other East European countries.
General Igor Rodionov - A U.S. Army biography of the life and military career of the Russian Minister of Defense.
Institute for the Study of Conflict, Ideology, and Policy - Coverage of political, international, and security affairs in Russian Federation. Includes news, analysis, a journal, occasional papers, a searchable database of articles, and links to related papers.
Meta Description: [ ISCIP offers its analysis and monitoring of events, trends and personalities of the Russian Federation and the NIS. ]
Pondering a Post-Cold War Meeting of the Minds - A short essay on the many of the domestic problems facing the Russians since the collapse of communism and the end of the Cold War.
Russia Debate - A survey of Russia including government structure, documents, statistics, demographics, geography, and important events since the end of Communist rule. Also includes profiles of current Russian politicians and Soviet-era leaders.
Russian Presidential Elections 1996 - Coverage and analysis of elections including a listing of all candidates, public opinion polls, and links to career and biographical information on the primary contenders.
The USSR in 1991: The Implosion of a Superpower - A discussion and analysis of the Soviet Union's collapse in the early 1990s.
They Still Need Us - An article on the role of the KGB and its successor since the collapse of Communism.
U.S. Relations with Russia: The First Five Years - An article on Russo-American relations on issues such dismantling Russia's nuclear arsenal, economic aid, military relations, joint space missions, during the five years after the collapse of the Soviet Union.
Vladimir Putin: Spy turned politician - Article on a former KGB operative and the leading candidate in the 2000 Russian presidential elections. Discusses the dependency of his political popularity on Russia's military success in Chechnya.
Meta Description: [ Known as the "grey cardinal", Vladimir Putin is a former spy whose popularity rests on Russia's military success in Chechnya. ]
Who Lost Russia? - A discussion of the failure of reform in many aspects of domestic politics and policy in Russia since the end of the Cold War.
Meta Description: [ There is plenty of blame to go around for Russia's troubles, and most of it, in my opinion, lies with Russia. ]